A few days ago i bought a new domain name (https://bienparler.fr) for my Nth side project 😅, I purchased the domain name directly from AWS Route53 but surprisingly, the domain name was not getting resolved.
Debugging with nslookup & dig 🕵️
At first, I thought that the issue was just about the DNS propagation, so I waited one day to check if the domain name was actually being resolved.
2 Days later, the domain name was still not being resolved, so I decided to start debuging with
The output of the above commands was a
SERVFAIL error with no further information. so I tried to check the registration status of the domain name with
domain: bienparler.fr status: ACTIVE hold: NO holder-c: ANO00-FRNIC admin-c: ANO00-FRNIC tech-c: G768-FRNIC zone-c: NFC1-FRNIC nsl-id: NSL150563-FRNIC registrar: GANDI Expiry Date: 2023-07-08T10:40:45Z created: 2022-07-08T10:40:45Z last-update: 2022-07-15T13:04:25Z source: FRNIC ns-list: NSL150563-FRNIC nserver: ns-857.awsdns-11.net nserver: ns-1196.awsdns-22.org nserver: ns-1975.awsdns-33.co.uk nserver: ns-475.awsdns-44.com ...
The two interesting things about the output of the
whois command are the
In my case it shows that the domain name is registered and is active and also that the nameservers that are being used are the AWS nameservers.
nserver: ns-857.awsdns-11.net nserver: ns-1196.awsdns-22.org nserver: ns-1975.awsdns-33.co.uk nserver: ns-475.awsdns-44.com
The above nameservers were assigned by AWS on domain registration and before creating a hosted zone for the domain.
when I created a hosted zone for the domain, some different nameservers were assigned to my hosted zone that were visible on the
NS record type in the hosted zone.
We notice a mismatch between the nameservers that were returned by the
whois command and the nameservers that were assigned to the hosted zone.
Actually the nameservers returned by the
whois command were on a different page of the AWS console.
Route53 > Registered domains > bienparler.fr
So the Problem for me was a mismatch between the nameservers of the Hosted Zone and those of the Registred Domains.
I could fix this problem by changing the nameservers by clicking on Add or edit name servers in the Registred Domains tab so that the nameservers of the Hosted Zone are used.
After that the DNS propagation started and my site was available on the internet after one day.
In this article to describe my experience with Route53 for a .fr domain name, it seemes that the only way to add DNS records to a Route53 managed domain is by creating a hosted zone, and by creating the hosted zone some nameservers are assaigned to it but they are not automatically assigned to the domain, so you need to manually copy the nameservers from the hosted zone to the domain in the Registred Domains tab of the AWS Console.